SqlDelegatedTransaction.cs source code in C# .NET

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Code:

/ 4.0 / 4.0 / DEVDIV_TFS / Dev10 / Releases / RTMRel / ndp / fx / src / Data / System / Data / SqlClient / SqlDelegatedTransaction.cs / 1305376 / SqlDelegatedTransaction.cs

                            //------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
// [....] 
// [....]
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
namespace System.Data.SqlClient {
 
    using System.Data.Common;
    using System.Data.SqlClient;
    using System.Diagnostics;
    using System.Runtime.CompilerServices; 
    using System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution;
    using System.Threading; 
    using SysTx = System.Transactions; 

    sealed internal class SqlDelegatedTransaction : SysTx.IPromotableSinglePhaseNotification { 
        private static int _objectTypeCount;
        private readonly int _objectID = Interlocked.Increment(ref _objectTypeCount);
        internal int ObjectID {
            get { 
                return _objectID;
            } 
        } 

        // WARNING!!! Multithreaded object! 
        // Locking strategy: Any potentailly-multithreaded operation must first lock the associated connection, then
        //  validate this object's active state.  Locked activities should ONLY include Sql-transaction state altering activities
        //  or notifications of same. Updates to the connection's association with the transaction or to the connection pool
        //  may be initiated here AFTER the connection lock is released, but should NOT fall under this class's locking strategy. 

        private SqlInternalConnection   _connection;            // the internal connection that is the root of the transaction 
        private IsolationLevel          _isolationLevel;        // the IsolationLevel of the transaction we delegated to the server 
        private SqlInternalTransaction  _internalTransaction;   // the SQL Server transaction we're delegating to
 
        private SysTx.Transaction       _atomicTransaction;

        private bool                    _active;                // Is the transaction active?
 
        internal SqlDelegatedTransaction(SqlInternalConnection connection, SysTx.Transaction tx) {
            Debug.Assert(null != connection, "null connection?"); 
            _connection = connection; 
            _atomicTransaction = tx;
            _active = false; 
            SysTx.IsolationLevel systxIsolationLevel = tx.IsolationLevel;

            // We need to map the System.Transactions IsolationLevel to the one
            // that System.Data uses and communicates to SqlServer.  We could 
            // arguably do that in Initialize when the transaction is delegated,
            // however it is better to do this before we actually begin the process 
            // of delegation, in case System.Transactions adds another isolation 
            // level we don't know about -- we can throw the exception at a better
            // place. 
            switch (systxIsolationLevel) {
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted:    _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted;     break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.ReadUncommitted:  _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.ReadUncommitted;   break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.RepeatableRead:   _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.RepeatableRead;    break; 
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.Serializable:     _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.Serializable;      break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.Snapshot:         _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.Snapshot;          break; 
                default: 
                    throw SQL.UnknownSysTxIsolationLevel(systxIsolationLevel);
            } 
        }

        internal SysTx.Transaction Transaction
        { 
            get { return _atomicTransaction; }
        } 
 
        public void Initialize() {
            // if we get here, then we know for certain that we're the delegated 
            // transaction.
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, delegating transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
 
            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
            try {
#if DEBUG 
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection();

                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else 
                { 
#endif //DEBUG
                    if (connection.IsEnlistedInTransaction) { // defect first 
                        Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, was enlisted, now defecting.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
                        connection.EnlistNull();
                    }
 
                    _internalTransaction = new SqlInternalTransaction(connection, TransactionType.Delegated, null);
 
                    connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Begin, null, _isolationLevel, _internalTransaction, true); 

                    // Handle case where ExecuteTran didn't produce a new transaction, but also didn't throw. 
                    if (null == connection.CurrentTransaction)
                    {
                        connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        throw ADP.InternalError(ADP.InternalErrorCode.UnknownTransactionFailure); 
                    }
 
                    _active = true; 
                }
#if DEBUG 
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop();
                }
#endif //DEBUG 
            }
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  {
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw; 
            }
        } 

        internal bool IsActive {
            get {
                return _active; 
            }
        } 
 
        public Byte [] Promote() {
            // Operations that might be affected by multi-threaded use MUST be done inside the lock. 
            //  Don't read values off of the connection outside the lock unless it doesn't really matter
            //  from an operational standpoint (i.e. logging connection's ObjectID should be fine,
            //  but the PromotedDTCToken can change over calls. so that must be protected).
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection(); 

            Exception promoteException; 
            byte[] returnValue = null; 
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, promoting transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
            try { 
#if DEBUG
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 
 
                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                {
#endif //DEBUG 
                    lock (connection) {
                        try { 
                            // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation. 
                            ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection);
 
                            connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Promote, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true);
                            returnValue = _connection.PromotedDTCToken;
                            promoteException = null;
                        } 
                        catch (SqlException e) {
                            promoteException = e; 
 
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
 
                            // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is
                            // eventually rolled back.
                            // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event
                            connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                        }
                        catch (InvalidOperationException e) 
                        { 
                            promoteException = e;
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        }
                    }
                } 
#if DEBUG
                finally { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop(); 
                }
#endif //DEBUG 
            }
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 

            if (promoteException != null) { 
                throw SQL.PromotionFailed(promoteException); 
            }
 
            return returnValue;
        }

        // Called by transaction to initiate abort sequence 
        public void Rollback(SysTx.SinglePhaseEnlistment enlistment) {
            Debug.Assert(null != enlistment, "null enlistment?"); 
 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection();
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection; 

            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, aborting transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
            try {
#if DEBUG 
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 

                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
                try {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                { 
#endif //DEBUG
                    lock (connection) { 
                        try { 
                                // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation.
                                ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection); 
                                _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the execute completes, this transaction is done.
                                _connection = null;  // Set prior to ExecuteTransaction call in case this initiates a TransactionEnd event

                                connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Rollback, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true); 
                        }
                        catch (SqlException e) { 
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 

                            // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is 
                            // eventually rolled back.
                            // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
 
                            // Unlike SinglePhaseCommit, a rollback is a rollback, regardless
                            // of how it happens, so SysTx won't throw an exception, and we 
                            // don't want to throw an exception either, because SysTx isn't 
                            // handling it and it may create a fail fast scenario. In the end,
                            // there is no way for us to communicate to the consumer that this 
                            // failed for more serious reasons than usual.
                            //
                            // This is a bit like "should you throw if Close fails", however,
                            // it only matters when you really need to know.  In that case, 
                            // we have the tracing that we're doing to fallback on for the
                            // investigation. 
                        } 
                        catch (InvalidOperationException e) {
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        }
                    }
 
                    // it doesn't matter whether the rollback succeeded or not, we presume
                    // that the transaction is aborted, because it will be eventually. 
                    connection.CleanupConnectionOnTransactionCompletion(_atomicTransaction); 
                    enlistment.Aborted();
                } 
#if DEBUG
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop();
                } 
#endif //DEBUG
            } 
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
        }

        // Called by the transaction to initiate commit sequence
        public void SinglePhaseCommit(SysTx.SinglePhaseEnlistment enlistment) { 
            Debug.Assert(null != enlistment, "null enlistment?");
 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection(); 
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, committing transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
            try { 
#if DEBUG
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 
 
                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                {
#endif //DEBUG 
                    // If the connection is dooomed, we can be certain that the
                    // transaction will eventually be rolled back, and we shouldn't 
                    // attempt to commit it. 
                    if (connection.IsConnectionDoomed) {
                        lock (connection) { 
                            _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the rest completes, this transaction is done.
                            _connection = null;
                        }
 
                        enlistment.Aborted(SQL.ConnectionDoomed());
                    } 
                    else { 
                        Exception commitException;
                        lock (connection) { 
                            try {
                                // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation.
                                ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection);
 
                                _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the rest completes, this transaction is done.
                                _connection = null;   // Set prior to ExecuteTransaction call in case this initiates a TransactionEnd event 
 
                                connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Commit, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true);
                                commitException = null; 
                            }
                            catch (SqlException e) {
                                commitException = e;
 
                                ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
 
                                // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is 
                                // eventually rolled back.
                                // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event 
                                connection.DoomThisConnection();
                            }
                            catch (InvalidOperationException e) {
                                commitException = e; 
                                ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
                                connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                            } 
                        }
                        if (commitException != null) { 
                            // connection.ExecuteTransaction failed with exception
                            if (_internalTransaction.IsCommitted) {
                                // Even though we got an exception, the transaction
                                // was committed by the server. 
                                enlistment.Committed();
                            } 
                            else if (_internalTransaction.IsAborted) { 
                                // The transaction was aborted, report that to
                                // SysTx. 
                                enlistment.Aborted(commitException);
                            }
                            else {
                                // The transaction is still active, we cannot 
                                // know the state of the transaction.
                                enlistment.InDoubt(commitException); 
                            } 

                            // We eat the exception.  This is called on the SysTx 
                            // thread, not the applications thread.  If we don't
                            // eat the exception an UnhandledException will occur,
                            // causing the process to FailFast.
                        } 

                        connection.CleanupConnectionOnTransactionCompletion(_atomicTransaction); 
                        if (commitException == null) { 
                            // connection.ExecuteTransaction succeeded
                            enlistment.Committed(); 
                        }
                    }
                }
#if DEBUG 
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop(); 
                } 
#endif //DEBUG
            } 
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            }
        } 

        // Event notification that transaction ended. This comes from the subscription to the Transaction's 
        //  ended event via the internal connection. If it occurs without a prior Rollback or SinglePhaseCommit call, 
        //  it indicates the transaction was ended externally (generally that one the the DTC participants aborted
        //  the transaction). 
        internal void TransactionEnded(SysTx.Transaction transaction) {
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;

            if (connection != null) { 
                Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, transaction completed externally.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
 
                lock (connection) { 
                    if (_atomicTransaction.Equals(transaction)) {
                        // No need to validate active on connection, this operation can be called on completed transactions 
                        _active = false;
                        _connection = null;
                    }
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        // Check for connection validity
        private SqlInternalConnection GetValidConnection() { 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;
            if (null == connection) {
                throw ADP.ObjectDisposed(this);
            } 

            return connection; 
        } 

        // Dooms connection and throws and error if not a valid, active, delegated transaction for the given 
        //  connection. Designed to be called AFTER a lock is placed on the connection, otherwise a normal return
        //  may not be trusted.
        private void ValidateActiveOnConnection(SqlInternalConnection connection) {
            bool valid = _active && (connection == _connection) && (connection.DelegatedTransaction == this); 

            if (!valid) { 
                // Invalid indicates something BAAAD happened (Commit after TransactionEnded, for instance) 
                //  Doom anything remotely involved.
                if (null != connection) { 
                    connection.DoomThisConnection();
                }
                if (connection != _connection && null != _connection) {
                    _connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                }
 
                throw ADP.InternalError(ADP.InternalErrorCode.UnpooledObjectHasWrongOwner);  // 
            }
        } 

    }
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
// [....] 
// [....]
//----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 
namespace System.Data.SqlClient {
 
    using System.Data.Common;
    using System.Data.SqlClient;
    using System.Diagnostics;
    using System.Runtime.CompilerServices; 
    using System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution;
    using System.Threading; 
    using SysTx = System.Transactions; 

    sealed internal class SqlDelegatedTransaction : SysTx.IPromotableSinglePhaseNotification { 
        private static int _objectTypeCount;
        private readonly int _objectID = Interlocked.Increment(ref _objectTypeCount);
        internal int ObjectID {
            get { 
                return _objectID;
            } 
        } 

        // WARNING!!! Multithreaded object! 
        // Locking strategy: Any potentailly-multithreaded operation must first lock the associated connection, then
        //  validate this object's active state.  Locked activities should ONLY include Sql-transaction state altering activities
        //  or notifications of same. Updates to the connection's association with the transaction or to the connection pool
        //  may be initiated here AFTER the connection lock is released, but should NOT fall under this class's locking strategy. 

        private SqlInternalConnection   _connection;            // the internal connection that is the root of the transaction 
        private IsolationLevel          _isolationLevel;        // the IsolationLevel of the transaction we delegated to the server 
        private SqlInternalTransaction  _internalTransaction;   // the SQL Server transaction we're delegating to
 
        private SysTx.Transaction       _atomicTransaction;

        private bool                    _active;                // Is the transaction active?
 
        internal SqlDelegatedTransaction(SqlInternalConnection connection, SysTx.Transaction tx) {
            Debug.Assert(null != connection, "null connection?"); 
            _connection = connection; 
            _atomicTransaction = tx;
            _active = false; 
            SysTx.IsolationLevel systxIsolationLevel = tx.IsolationLevel;

            // We need to map the System.Transactions IsolationLevel to the one
            // that System.Data uses and communicates to SqlServer.  We could 
            // arguably do that in Initialize when the transaction is delegated,
            // however it is better to do this before we actually begin the process 
            // of delegation, in case System.Transactions adds another isolation 
            // level we don't know about -- we can throw the exception at a better
            // place. 
            switch (systxIsolationLevel) {
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted:    _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted;     break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.ReadUncommitted:  _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.ReadUncommitted;   break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.RepeatableRead:   _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.RepeatableRead;    break; 
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.Serializable:     _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.Serializable;      break;
                case SysTx.IsolationLevel.Snapshot:         _isolationLevel = IsolationLevel.Snapshot;          break; 
                default: 
                    throw SQL.UnknownSysTxIsolationLevel(systxIsolationLevel);
            } 
        }

        internal SysTx.Transaction Transaction
        { 
            get { return _atomicTransaction; }
        } 
 
        public void Initialize() {
            // if we get here, then we know for certain that we're the delegated 
            // transaction.
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, delegating transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
 
            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
            try {
#if DEBUG 
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection();

                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else 
                { 
#endif //DEBUG
                    if (connection.IsEnlistedInTransaction) { // defect first 
                        Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, was enlisted, now defecting.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
                        connection.EnlistNull();
                    }
 
                    _internalTransaction = new SqlInternalTransaction(connection, TransactionType.Delegated, null);
 
                    connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Begin, null, _isolationLevel, _internalTransaction, true); 

                    // Handle case where ExecuteTran didn't produce a new transaction, but also didn't throw. 
                    if (null == connection.CurrentTransaction)
                    {
                        connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        throw ADP.InternalError(ADP.InternalErrorCode.UnknownTransactionFailure); 
                    }
 
                    _active = true; 
                }
#if DEBUG 
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop();
                }
#endif //DEBUG 
            }
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  {
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw; 
            }
        } 

        internal bool IsActive {
            get {
                return _active; 
            }
        } 
 
        public Byte [] Promote() {
            // Operations that might be affected by multi-threaded use MUST be done inside the lock. 
            //  Don't read values off of the connection outside the lock unless it doesn't really matter
            //  from an operational standpoint (i.e. logging connection's ObjectID should be fine,
            //  but the PromotedDTCToken can change over calls. so that must be protected).
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection(); 

            Exception promoteException; 
            byte[] returnValue = null; 
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, promoting transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
            try { 
#if DEBUG
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 
 
                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                {
#endif //DEBUG 
                    lock (connection) {
                        try { 
                            // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation. 
                            ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection);
 
                            connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Promote, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true);
                            returnValue = _connection.PromotedDTCToken;
                            promoteException = null;
                        } 
                        catch (SqlException e) {
                            promoteException = e; 
 
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
 
                            // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is
                            // eventually rolled back.
                            // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event
                            connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                        }
                        catch (InvalidOperationException e) 
                        { 
                            promoteException = e;
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        }
                    }
                } 
#if DEBUG
                finally { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop(); 
                }
#endif //DEBUG 
            }
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 

            if (promoteException != null) { 
                throw SQL.PromotionFailed(promoteException); 
            }
 
            return returnValue;
        }

        // Called by transaction to initiate abort sequence 
        public void Rollback(SysTx.SinglePhaseEnlistment enlistment) {
            Debug.Assert(null != enlistment, "null enlistment?"); 
 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection();
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection; 

            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, aborting transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
            try {
#if DEBUG 
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 

                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions(); 
                try {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                { 
#endif //DEBUG
                    lock (connection) { 
                        try { 
                                // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation.
                                ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection); 
                                _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the execute completes, this transaction is done.
                                _connection = null;  // Set prior to ExecuteTransaction call in case this initiates a TransactionEnd event

                                connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Rollback, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true); 
                        }
                        catch (SqlException e) { 
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 

                            // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is 
                            // eventually rolled back.
                            // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
 
                            // Unlike SinglePhaseCommit, a rollback is a rollback, regardless
                            // of how it happens, so SysTx won't throw an exception, and we 
                            // don't want to throw an exception either, because SysTx isn't 
                            // handling it and it may create a fail fast scenario. In the end,
                            // there is no way for us to communicate to the consumer that this 
                            // failed for more serious reasons than usual.
                            //
                            // This is a bit like "should you throw if Close fails", however,
                            // it only matters when you really need to know.  In that case, 
                            // we have the tracing that we're doing to fallback on for the
                            // investigation. 
                        } 
                        catch (InvalidOperationException e) {
                            ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e); 
                            connection.DoomThisConnection();
                        }
                    }
 
                    // it doesn't matter whether the rollback succeeded or not, we presume
                    // that the transaction is aborted, because it will be eventually. 
                    connection.CleanupConnectionOnTransactionCompletion(_atomicTransaction); 
                    enlistment.Aborted();
                } 
#if DEBUG
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop();
                } 
#endif //DEBUG
            } 
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw;
            } 
        }

        // Called by the transaction to initiate commit sequence
        public void SinglePhaseCommit(SysTx.SinglePhaseEnlistment enlistment) { 
            Debug.Assert(null != enlistment, "null enlistment?");
 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = GetValidConnection(); 
            SqlConnection usersConnection = connection.Connection;
 
            Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, committing transaction.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);

            RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
            try { 
#if DEBUG
                TdsParser.ReliabilitySection tdsReliabilitySection = new TdsParser.ReliabilitySection(); 
 
                RuntimeHelpers.PrepareConstrainedRegions();
                try { 
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Start();
#else
                {
#endif //DEBUG 
                    // If the connection is dooomed, we can be certain that the
                    // transaction will eventually be rolled back, and we shouldn't 
                    // attempt to commit it. 
                    if (connection.IsConnectionDoomed) {
                        lock (connection) { 
                            _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the rest completes, this transaction is done.
                            _connection = null;
                        }
 
                        enlistment.Aborted(SQL.ConnectionDoomed());
                    } 
                    else { 
                        Exception commitException;
                        lock (connection) { 
                            try {
                                // Now that we've acquired the lock, make sure we still have valid state for this operation.
                                ValidateActiveOnConnection(connection);
 
                                _active = false; // set to inactive first, doesn't matter how the rest completes, this transaction is done.
                                _connection = null;   // Set prior to ExecuteTransaction call in case this initiates a TransactionEnd event 
 
                                connection.ExecuteTransaction(SqlInternalConnection.TransactionRequest.Commit, null, IsolationLevel.Unspecified, _internalTransaction, true);
                                commitException = null; 
                            }
                            catch (SqlException e) {
                                commitException = e;
 
                                ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
 
                                // Doom the connection, to make sure that the transaction is 
                                // eventually rolled back.
                                // VSTS 144562: doom the connection while having the lock on it to prevent race condition with "Transaction Ended" Event 
                                connection.DoomThisConnection();
                            }
                            catch (InvalidOperationException e) {
                                commitException = e; 
                                ADP.TraceExceptionWithoutRethrow(e);
                                connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                            } 
                        }
                        if (commitException != null) { 
                            // connection.ExecuteTransaction failed with exception
                            if (_internalTransaction.IsCommitted) {
                                // Even though we got an exception, the transaction
                                // was committed by the server. 
                                enlistment.Committed();
                            } 
                            else if (_internalTransaction.IsAborted) { 
                                // The transaction was aborted, report that to
                                // SysTx. 
                                enlistment.Aborted(commitException);
                            }
                            else {
                                // The transaction is still active, we cannot 
                                // know the state of the transaction.
                                enlistment.InDoubt(commitException); 
                            } 

                            // We eat the exception.  This is called on the SysTx 
                            // thread, not the applications thread.  If we don't
                            // eat the exception an UnhandledException will occur,
                            // causing the process to FailFast.
                        } 

                        connection.CleanupConnectionOnTransactionCompletion(_atomicTransaction); 
                        if (commitException == null) { 
                            // connection.ExecuteTransaction succeeded
                            enlistment.Committed(); 
                        }
                    }
                }
#if DEBUG 
                finally {
                    tdsReliabilitySection.Stop(); 
                } 
#endif //DEBUG
            } 
            catch (System.OutOfMemoryException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            } 
            catch (System.StackOverflowException e) {
                usersConnection.Abort(e); 
                throw; 
            }
            catch (System.Threading.ThreadAbortException e)  { 
                usersConnection.Abort(e);
                throw;
            }
        } 

        // Event notification that transaction ended. This comes from the subscription to the Transaction's 
        //  ended event via the internal connection. If it occurs without a prior Rollback or SinglePhaseCommit call, 
        //  it indicates the transaction was ended externally (generally that one the the DTC participants aborted
        //  the transaction). 
        internal void TransactionEnded(SysTx.Transaction transaction) {
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;

            if (connection != null) { 
                Bid.Trace(" %d#, Connection %d#, transaction completed externally.\n", ObjectID, connection.ObjectID);
 
                lock (connection) { 
                    if (_atomicTransaction.Equals(transaction)) {
                        // No need to validate active on connection, this operation can be called on completed transactions 
                        _active = false;
                        _connection = null;
                    }
                } 
            }
        } 
 
        // Check for connection validity
        private SqlInternalConnection GetValidConnection() { 
            SqlInternalConnection connection = _connection;
            if (null == connection) {
                throw ADP.ObjectDisposed(this);
            } 

            return connection; 
        } 

        // Dooms connection and throws and error if not a valid, active, delegated transaction for the given 
        //  connection. Designed to be called AFTER a lock is placed on the connection, otherwise a normal return
        //  may not be trusted.
        private void ValidateActiveOnConnection(SqlInternalConnection connection) {
            bool valid = _active && (connection == _connection) && (connection.DelegatedTransaction == this); 

            if (!valid) { 
                // Invalid indicates something BAAAD happened (Commit after TransactionEnded, for instance) 
                //  Doom anything remotely involved.
                if (null != connection) { 
                    connection.DoomThisConnection();
                }
                if (connection != _connection && null != _connection) {
                    _connection.DoomThisConnection(); 
                }
 
                throw ADP.InternalError(ADP.InternalErrorCode.UnpooledObjectHasWrongOwner);  // 
            }
        } 

    }
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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