SizeLimitedCache.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Dotnetfx_Vista_SP2 / Dotnetfx_Vista_SP2 / 8.0.50727.4016 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / Orcas / QFE / wpf / src / Shared / MS / Internal / SizeLimitedCache.cs / 1 / SizeLimitedCache.cs

                            using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic;

using MS.Internal.PresentationCore;
 
namespace MS.Internal
{ 
    ///  
    ///     Implementation of a cache with a limited size (a limited number of items
    ///     can be stored in the cache). When adding to a full cache, the element 
    ///     that was last accessed is removed. Also, the cache supports permanent items
    ///     which are not subject to removal or change.
    /// 
    ///  
    ///     The cache is stored in a hash table. The hash table maps
    ///     keys to nodes in a linked list. Each node contains the required 
    ///     info (key, resource, permanence flag). The linked list is what 
    ///     maintains the order in which items should be removed. The beginning
    ///     (_begin.Next) is the first to be removed and the end (_end.Previous) 
    ///     is the last to be removed. Every time a node is accessed or
    ///     changed, it gets moved to the end of the list. Also, permanent items,
    ///     though in the hash table, are NOT in the linked list.
    ///  
    [FriendAccessAllowed]
    internal class SizeLimitedCache 
    { 
        //******************************************************
        // Constructors 
        // ***************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Constructs a ResourceCache instance 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The maximum number of nonpermanent resources the cache can store. 
        /// 
        public SizeLimitedCache(int maximumItems) 
        {
            if (maximumItems <= 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("maximumItems"); 
            }
 
            _maximumItems = maximumItems; 
            _permanentCount = 0;
 
            // set up an empty list.
            // the _begin and _end nodes are empty nodes marking the begin and
            // end of the list.
            _begin = new Node(default(K), default(V), false); 
            _end = new Node(default(K), default(V), false);
           _begin.Next = _end; 
            _end.Previous = _begin; 
            _nodeLookup = new Dictionary();
        } 

        //*****************************************************
        // Public Properties
        // *************************************************** 

        ///  
        ///     Returns the maximum number of nonpermanent resources the cache can store. 
        /// 
        public int MaximumItems 
        {
            get
            {
                return _maximumItems; 
            }
        } 
 
        //******************************************************
        // Public Methods 
        // ***************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Add an item to the cache. If the cache is full, the last item 
        ///     to have been accessed is removed. Permanent objects are not
        ///     included in the count to determine if the cache is full. 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///     The key of the object to add. 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///     The object to be stored in the cache.
        ///  
        /// 
        ///     bool indicating if the object to be cached will always be left 
        ///     in the cache upon adding to a full cache. 
        /// 
        public void Add(K key, V resource, bool isPermanent) 
        {

            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key");
            } 
            if ( (object)resource == null) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("resource"); 
            }

            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key)) 
            {
                Node node = new Node(key, resource, isPermanent); 
                if (!isPermanent) 
                {
                    if (IsFull()) 
                    {
                        RemoveOldest();
                    }
                    InsertAtEnd(node); 
                }
                else 
                { 
                    _permanentCount++;
                } 
                _nodeLookup[key] = node;
            }
            else
            { 
                Node node = _nodeLookup[key];
                if (!node.IsPermanent) 
                { 
                    RemoveFromList(node);
                } 

                if (!node.IsPermanent && isPermanent)
                {
                    _permanentCount++; 
                }
                else if (node.IsPermanent && !isPermanent) 
                { 
                    _permanentCount--;
                    if (IsFull()) 
                    {
                        RemoveOldest();
                    }
                } 

                node.IsPermanent = isPermanent; 
                node.Resource = resource; 
                if (!isPermanent)
                { 
                    InsertAtEnd(node);
                }
            }
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Remove an item from the cache. 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The key of the object to remove.
        /// 
        public void Remove(K key)
        { 
            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key"); 
            }
 
            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                return; 
            }
            Node node = _nodeLookup[key]; 
 
            _nodeLookup.Remove(key);
            if (!node.IsPermanent) 
            {
                RemoveFromList(node);
            }
            else 
            {
                _permanentCount--; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        ///     Retrieve an item from the cache.
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The key of the object to get.
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     The object stored in the cache based on the key. If the key is not
        ///     contained in the class, V.default is returned (Use the Contains method 
        ///     if V is a value type)
        /// 
        public V Get(K key)
        { 
            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key"); 
            }
 
            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                return default(V); 
            }
            Node node = _nodeLookup[key]; 
 
            if (!node.IsPermanent)
            { 
                RemoveFromList(node);
                InsertAtEnd(node);
            }
 
            return node.Resource;
        } 
 
        //******************************************************
        // Private Methods 
        // ****************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Remove the oldest nonpermanent item in the cache. 
        /// 
        private void RemoveOldest() 
        { 
            Node node = _begin.Next;
            _nodeLookup.Remove(node.Key); 
            RemoveFromList(node);
        }

        ///  
        ///     Inserts a node at the end of the linked list
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     The node to insert
        ///  
        private void InsertAtEnd(Node node)
        {
            node.Next = _end;
            node.Previous = _end.Previous; 
            node.Previous.Next = node;
            _end.Previous = node; 
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Removes an item from the linked list
        /// 
        /// 
        ///     The node to remove 
        /// 
        private void RemoveFromList(Node node) 
        { 
            node.Previous.Next = node.Next;
            node.Next.Previous = node.Previous; 
        }

        /// 
        ///     Check if the cache is full. Do not include permanent items 
        ///     in the count.
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     true if the cache is full. false if not.
        ///  
        private bool IsFull()
        {
            return (_nodeLookup.Count - _permanentCount >= _maximumItems);
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Doubly linked list node class. Has 3 values: key, resource, permanence flag 
        /// 
        private class Node 
        {
            public Node(K key, V resource, bool isPermanent)
            {
                Key = key; 
                Resource = resource;
                IsPermanent = isPermanent; 
            } 

            public K Key 
            {
                get { return _key; }
                set { _key = value; }
            } 

            public V Resource 
            { 
                get { return _resource; }
                set { _resource = value; } 
            }

            public bool IsPermanent
            { 
                get { return _isPermanent; }
                set { _isPermanent = value; } 
            } 

            public Node Next 
            {
                get { return _next; }
                set { _next = value; }
            } 

            public Node Previous 
            { 
                get { return _previous; }
                set { _previous = value; } 
            }

            private V _resource;
            private K _key; 
            private bool _isPermanent;
            private Node _next; 
            private Node _previous; 
        }
 
        //*****************************************************
        // Private Fields
        // ****************************************************
 
        // the maximum nonpermanent items allowed
        private int _maximumItems; 
 
        // need to keep a separate counter for permanent items
        private int _permanentCount; 

        // the _begin and _end nodes are empty nodes marking the begin and
        // end of the list.
        private Node _begin; 
        private Node _end;
 
        // the hashtable mapping keys to nodes 
        private Dictionary _nodeLookup;
    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
using System; 
using System.Collections.Generic;

using MS.Internal.PresentationCore;
 
namespace MS.Internal
{ 
    ///  
    ///     Implementation of a cache with a limited size (a limited number of items
    ///     can be stored in the cache). When adding to a full cache, the element 
    ///     that was last accessed is removed. Also, the cache supports permanent items
    ///     which are not subject to removal or change.
    /// 
    ///  
    ///     The cache is stored in a hash table. The hash table maps
    ///     keys to nodes in a linked list. Each node contains the required 
    ///     info (key, resource, permanence flag). The linked list is what 
    ///     maintains the order in which items should be removed. The beginning
    ///     (_begin.Next) is the first to be removed and the end (_end.Previous) 
    ///     is the last to be removed. Every time a node is accessed or
    ///     changed, it gets moved to the end of the list. Also, permanent items,
    ///     though in the hash table, are NOT in the linked list.
    ///  
    [FriendAccessAllowed]
    internal class SizeLimitedCache 
    { 
        //******************************************************
        // Constructors 
        // ***************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Constructs a ResourceCache instance 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The maximum number of nonpermanent resources the cache can store. 
        /// 
        public SizeLimitedCache(int maximumItems) 
        {
            if (maximumItems <= 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("maximumItems"); 
            }
 
            _maximumItems = maximumItems; 
            _permanentCount = 0;
 
            // set up an empty list.
            // the _begin and _end nodes are empty nodes marking the begin and
            // end of the list.
            _begin = new Node(default(K), default(V), false); 
            _end = new Node(default(K), default(V), false);
           _begin.Next = _end; 
            _end.Previous = _begin; 
            _nodeLookup = new Dictionary();
        } 

        //*****************************************************
        // Public Properties
        // *************************************************** 

        ///  
        ///     Returns the maximum number of nonpermanent resources the cache can store. 
        /// 
        public int MaximumItems 
        {
            get
            {
                return _maximumItems; 
            }
        } 
 
        //******************************************************
        // Public Methods 
        // ***************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Add an item to the cache. If the cache is full, the last item 
        ///     to have been accessed is removed. Permanent objects are not
        ///     included in the count to determine if the cache is full. 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///     The key of the object to add. 
        /// 
        /// 
        ///     The object to be stored in the cache.
        ///  
        /// 
        ///     bool indicating if the object to be cached will always be left 
        ///     in the cache upon adding to a full cache. 
        /// 
        public void Add(K key, V resource, bool isPermanent) 
        {

            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key");
            } 
            if ( (object)resource == null) 
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("resource"); 
            }

            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key)) 
            {
                Node node = new Node(key, resource, isPermanent); 
                if (!isPermanent) 
                {
                    if (IsFull()) 
                    {
                        RemoveOldest();
                    }
                    InsertAtEnd(node); 
                }
                else 
                { 
                    _permanentCount++;
                } 
                _nodeLookup[key] = node;
            }
            else
            { 
                Node node = _nodeLookup[key];
                if (!node.IsPermanent) 
                { 
                    RemoveFromList(node);
                } 

                if (!node.IsPermanent && isPermanent)
                {
                    _permanentCount++; 
                }
                else if (node.IsPermanent && !isPermanent) 
                { 
                    _permanentCount--;
                    if (IsFull()) 
                    {
                        RemoveOldest();
                    }
                } 

                node.IsPermanent = isPermanent; 
                node.Resource = resource; 
                if (!isPermanent)
                { 
                    InsertAtEnd(node);
                }
            }
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Remove an item from the cache. 
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The key of the object to remove.
        /// 
        public void Remove(K key)
        { 
            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key"); 
            }
 
            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                return; 
            }
            Node node = _nodeLookup[key]; 
 
            _nodeLookup.Remove(key);
            if (!node.IsPermanent) 
            {
                RemoveFromList(node);
            }
            else 
            {
                _permanentCount--; 
            } 
        }
 
        /// 
        ///     Retrieve an item from the cache.
        /// 
        ///  
        ///     The key of the object to get.
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     The object stored in the cache based on the key. If the key is not
        ///     contained in the class, V.default is returned (Use the Contains method 
        ///     if V is a value type)
        /// 
        public V Get(K key)
        { 
            if ( (object)key == null)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("key"); 
            }
 
            // note: [] throws, thus we should check if its in the dictionary first.
            if (!_nodeLookup.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                return default(V); 
            }
            Node node = _nodeLookup[key]; 
 
            if (!node.IsPermanent)
            { 
                RemoveFromList(node);
                InsertAtEnd(node);
            }
 
            return node.Resource;
        } 
 
        //******************************************************
        // Private Methods 
        // ****************************************************

        /// 
        ///     Remove the oldest nonpermanent item in the cache. 
        /// 
        private void RemoveOldest() 
        { 
            Node node = _begin.Next;
            _nodeLookup.Remove(node.Key); 
            RemoveFromList(node);
        }

        ///  
        ///     Inserts a node at the end of the linked list
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     The node to insert
        ///  
        private void InsertAtEnd(Node node)
        {
            node.Next = _end;
            node.Previous = _end.Previous; 
            node.Previous.Next = node;
            _end.Previous = node; 
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Removes an item from the linked list
        /// 
        /// 
        ///     The node to remove 
        /// 
        private void RemoveFromList(Node node) 
        { 
            node.Previous.Next = node.Next;
            node.Next.Previous = node.Previous; 
        }

        /// 
        ///     Check if the cache is full. Do not include permanent items 
        ///     in the count.
        ///  
        ///  
        ///     true if the cache is full. false if not.
        ///  
        private bool IsFull()
        {
            return (_nodeLookup.Count - _permanentCount >= _maximumItems);
        } 

        ///  
        ///     Doubly linked list node class. Has 3 values: key, resource, permanence flag 
        /// 
        private class Node 
        {
            public Node(K key, V resource, bool isPermanent)
            {
                Key = key; 
                Resource = resource;
                IsPermanent = isPermanent; 
            } 

            public K Key 
            {
                get { return _key; }
                set { _key = value; }
            } 

            public V Resource 
            { 
                get { return _resource; }
                set { _resource = value; } 
            }

            public bool IsPermanent
            { 
                get { return _isPermanent; }
                set { _isPermanent = value; } 
            } 

            public Node Next 
            {
                get { return _next; }
                set { _next = value; }
            } 

            public Node Previous 
            { 
                get { return _previous; }
                set { _previous = value; } 
            }

            private V _resource;
            private K _key; 
            private bool _isPermanent;
            private Node _next; 
            private Node _previous; 
        }
 
        //*****************************************************
        // Private Fields
        // ****************************************************
 
        // the maximum nonpermanent items allowed
        private int _maximumItems; 
 
        // need to keep a separate counter for permanent items
        private int _permanentCount; 

        // the _begin and _end nodes are empty nodes marking the begin and
        // end of the list.
        private Node _begin; 
        private Node _end;
 
        // the hashtable mapping keys to nodes 
        private Dictionary _nodeLookup;
    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
                        

Link Menu

Network programming in C#, Network Programming in VB.NET, Network Programming in .NET
This book is available now!
Buy at Amazon US or
Buy at Amazon UK