ConvertTextFrag.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / 3.5.1 / WIN_WINDOWS / lh_tools_devdiv_wpf / Windows / wcp / Speech / Src / Internal / Synthesis / ConvertTextFrag.cs / 1 / ConvertTextFrag.cs

                            //------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
// 
// Converts text fragments from Sapi to SSML and from SSML to SAPI
// 
// History: 
//		2/1/2005	jeanfp		Created from the Sapi Managed code
//----------------------------------------------------------------- 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices; 
using System.Speech.Synthesis.TtsEngine;
 
namespace System.Speech.Internal.Synthesis 
{
    internal static class ConvertTextFrag 
    {
        //*******************************************************************
        //
        // Internal Methods 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 
 
        #region internal Methods
 
        internal static bool ToSapi (List ssmlFrags, ref GCHandle sapiFragLast)
        {
            bool fFirst = true;
 
            for (int iFrag = ssmlFrags.Count - 1; iFrag >= 0; iFrag--)
            { 
                TextFragment textFragment = ssmlFrags [iFrag]; 

                // Remove the start and end paragraph fragments 
                if (textFragment.State.Action == TtsEngineAction.StartParagraph || textFragment.State.Action == TtsEngineAction.StartSentence)
                {
                    continue;
                } 

                SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag = new SPVTEXTFRAG (); 
 
                // start with the text fragment
                sapiFrag.gcNext = fFirst ? new GCHandle () : sapiFragLast; 
                sapiFrag.pNext = fFirst ? IntPtr.Zero : sapiFragLast.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
                sapiFrag.gcText = GCHandle.Alloc (textFragment.TextToSpeak, GCHandleType.Pinned);
                sapiFrag.pTextStart = sapiFrag.gcText.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
                sapiFrag.ulTextSrcOffset = textFragment.TextOffset; 
                sapiFrag.ulTextLen = textFragment.TextLength;
 
                // State 
                SPVSTATE sapiState = new SPVSTATE ();
                FragmentState ssmlState = textFragment.State; 
                sapiState.eAction = (SPVACTIONS) ssmlState.Action;
                sapiState.LangID = (Int16) ssmlState.LangId;
                sapiState.EmphAdj = ssmlState.Emphasis != 1 ? 0 : 1;
                if (ssmlState.Prosody != null) 
                {
                    sapiState.RateAdj = SapiRate (ssmlState.Prosody.Rate); 
                    sapiState.Volume = SapiVolume (ssmlState.Prosody.Volume); 
                    sapiState.PitchAdj.MiddleAdj = SapiPitch (ssmlState.Prosody.Pitch);
                } 
                else
                {
                    sapiState.Volume = 100;
                } 

                sapiState.ePartOfSpeech = SPPARTOFSPEECH.SPPS_Unknown; 
 
                // Set the silence if any
                if (sapiState.eAction == SPVACTIONS.SPVA_Silence) 
                {
                    sapiState.SilenceMSecs = SapiSilence (ssmlState.Duration, (EmphasisBreak) ssmlState.Emphasis);
                }
 
                // Set the phonemes if any
                if (ssmlState.Phoneme != null) 
                { 
                    sapiState.eAction = SPVACTIONS.SPVA_Pronounce;
                    sapiFrag.gcPhoneme = GCHandle.Alloc (ssmlState.Phoneme, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
                    sapiState.pPhoneIds = sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.AddrOfPinnedObject ();

                    // Get rid of the text if phonemes are defined. This is to be compatible with existing
                    // TTS engines. 
                }
                else 
                { 
                    sapiFrag.gcPhoneme = new GCHandle ();
                    sapiState.pPhoneIds = IntPtr.Zero; 
                }

                // Set the say-as if any
                if (ssmlState.SayAs != null) 
                {
                    string format = ssmlState.SayAs.Format; 
                    string interpretAs; 
                    switch (interpretAs = ssmlState.SayAs.InterpretAs)
                    { 
                        case "spellout":
                        case "spell-out":
                        case "characters":
                        case "letters": 
                            sapiState.eAction = SPVACTIONS.SPVA_SpellOut;
                            break; 
 
                        case "time":
                        case "date": 
                            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty (format))
                            {
                                interpretAs = interpretAs + ':' + format;
                            } 
                            sapiState.Context.pCategory = SapiCategory (sapiFrag, interpretAs, null);
                            break; 
 
                        default:
                            sapiState.Context.pCategory = SapiCategory (sapiFrag, interpretAs, format); 
                            break;
                    }
                }
 
                sapiFrag.State = sapiState;
                sapiFragLast = GCHandle.Alloc (sapiFrag, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
 
                fFirst = false;
 
            }
            return !fFirst;
        }
 
        private static IntPtr SapiCategory (SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag, string interpretAs, string format)
        { 
            int posSayAsFormat = Array.BinarySearch (_asSayAsFormat, interpretAs); 
            string sFormat = posSayAsFormat >= 0 ? _asContextFormat [posSayAsFormat] : format;
            sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory = GCHandle.Alloc (sFormat, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
            return sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
        }

        internal static void FreeTextSegment (ref GCHandle fragment) 
        {
            SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag = (SPVTEXTFRAG) fragment.Target; 
            if (sapiFrag.gcNext.IsAllocated) 
            {
                FreeTextSegment (ref sapiFrag.gcNext); 
                sapiFrag.gcNext.Free ();
            }

            // free the references to the optional elements 
            if (sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.IsAllocated)
            { 
                sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.Free (); 
            }
 
            if (sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.IsAllocated)
            {
                sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.Free ();
            } 

            // Free the text associated with this fragment 
            sapiFrag.gcText.Free (); 
        }
 
        #endregion

        //********************************************************************
        // 
        // Private Methods
        // 
        //******************************************************************* 

        #region Private Methods 

        private static int SapiVolume (ProsodyNumber volume)
        {
            int sapiVolume = 100; 
            if (volume.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber)
            { 
                switch ((ProsodyVolume) (int) volume.SsmlAttributeId) 
                {
                    case ProsodyVolume.ExtraLoud: 
                        sapiVolume = 100;
                        break;

                    case ProsodyVolume.Loud: 
                        sapiVolume = 80;
                        break; 
 
                    case ProsodyVolume.Medium:
                        sapiVolume = 60; 
                        break;

                    case ProsodyVolume.Soft:
                        sapiVolume = 40; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyVolume.ExtraSoft: 
                        sapiVolume = 20;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyVolume.Silent:
                        sapiVolume = 0;
                        break; 
                }
                // add the relative information 
                sapiVolume = (int) ((volume.IsNumberPercent ? sapiVolume * volume.Number : volume.Number) + 0.5); 
            }
            else 
            {
                sapiVolume = (int) (volume.Number + 0.5);
            }
 
            // Check the range.
            if (sapiVolume > 100) 
            { 
                sapiVolume = 100;
            } 
            if (sapiVolume < 0)
            {
                sapiVolume = 0;
            } 
            return sapiVolume;
        } 
 
        private static int SapiSilence (int duration, EmphasisBreak emphasis)
        { 
            int sapiSilence = 1000;

            if (duration > 0)
            { 
                sapiSilence = duration;
            } 
            else 
            {
                switch (emphasis) 
                {

                    // No break, arbitrarily defined as 10 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.None: 
                        sapiSilence = 10;
                        break; 
 
                    // Extra small break, arbitrarily defined as 125 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.ExtraWeak: 
                        sapiSilence = 125;
                        break;

                    // Small break, arbitrarily defined as 250 milliseconds 
                    case EmphasisBreak.Weak:
                        sapiSilence = 250; 
                        break; 

                    // Medium break, arbitrarily defined as 1000 milliseconds 
                    case EmphasisBreak.Medium:
                        sapiSilence = 1000;
                        break;
 
                    // Large break, arbitrarily defined as 1750 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.Strong: 
                        sapiSilence = 1750; 
                        break;
 
                    // Extra large break, arbitrarily defined as 3000 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.ExtraStrong:
                        sapiSilence = 3000;
                        break; 
                }
            } 
            if (sapiSilence < 0 || sapiSilence > 0xffff) 
            {
                sapiSilence = 1000; 
            }
            return sapiSilence;
        }
 
        /// 
        /// Produces the SAPI "RATE" tag 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        private static int SapiRate (ProsodyNumber rate)
        {

            // Okay, we have a RATE element, but what do we set the rate to? 
            // Rate varies on a scale from -10 to 10 for us.
            // There isn't a defined mapping between Words per Minute and rate. 
            // For percentage changes, we will require that -10 maps to one third the default rate, 
            // and +10 to three times the default, on a log scale.
            // But for absolute or relative (not percent) we can't support this without a defined base-line rate 
            // We could get away with 180 for this in english, but very variable across languages.

            int sapiRate = 0;
            if (rate.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber) 
            {
                switch ((ProsodyRate) (int) rate.SsmlAttributeId) 
                { 
                    case ProsodyRate.ExtraSlow:
                        sapiRate = -9; 
                        break;

                    case ProsodyRate.Slow:
                        sapiRate = -4; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyRate.Fast: 
                        sapiRate = 4;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyRate.ExtraFast:
                        sapiRate = 9;
                        break; 
                }
 
                // add the relative information 
                sapiRate = (int) ((rate.IsNumberPercent ? ScaleNumber (rate.Number, sapiRate, 10) : sapiRate) + 0.5);
            } 
            else
            {
                sapiRate = ScaleNumber (rate.Number, 0, 10);
            } 
            // Check the range.
            if (sapiRate > 10) 
            { 
                sapiRate = 10;
            } 
            if (sapiRate < -10)
            {
                sapiRate = -10;
            } 
            return sapiRate;
        } 
 
        private static int SapiPitch (ProsodyNumber pitch)
        { 
            int sapiPitch = 0;

            if (pitch.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber)
            { 
                switch ((ProsodyPitch) (int) pitch.SsmlAttributeId)
                { 
                    case ProsodyPitch.ExtraHigh: 
                        sapiPitch = 9;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyPitch.High:
                        sapiPitch = 4;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyPitch.Low: 
                        sapiPitch = -4; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyPitch.ExtraLow:
                        sapiPitch = -9;
                        break;
                } 
                // add the relative information
                sapiPitch = (int) ((pitch.IsNumberPercent ? sapiPitch * pitch.Number : pitch.Number) + 0.5); 
            } 

            // Check the range. 
            if (sapiPitch > 10)
            {
                sapiPitch = 10;
            } 
            if (sapiPitch < -10)
            { 
                sapiPitch = -10; 
            }
            return sapiPitch; 
        }

        private static int ScaleNumber (float value, int currentValue, int max)
        { 
            int rate = 0;
            // Because we are on a logarithmic scale, can handle percentage changes 
            // 300% --> multiply by 3.0 --> sapi rate change of +max.0 
            // 100%    --> multiply by 1.0 --> sapi rate change of 0.0
            // 33%  --> multiply by 0.33 --> sapi rate change of -max.0 
            if (value >= 0.01)
            {
                rate = (int) (((Math.Log (value) / Math.Log (3.0)) * max) + 0.5);
                rate += currentValue; 
                if (rate > max)
                { 
                    rate = max; 
                }
                else if (rate < -max) 
                {
                    rate = -max;
                }
            } 
            else
            { 
                rate = -max; 
            }
            return rate; 
        }


        #endregion 

        //******************************************************************** 
        // 
        // Private Field
        // 
        //********************************************************************

        #region Private Methods
 
        static readonly string [] _asSayAsFormat = new string []
        { 
            "acronym", 
            "address",
            "cardinal", 
            "currency",
            "date",
            "date:d",
            "date:dm", 
            "date:dmy",
            "date:m", 
            "date:md", 
            "date:mdy",
            "date:my", 
            "date:ym",
            "date:ymd",
            "date:y",
            "digits", 
            "name",
            "net", 
            "net:email", 
            "net:uri",
            "ordinal", 
            "spellout",
            "telephone",
            "time",
            "time:hms12", 
            "time:hms24"
        }; 
 
        static readonly string [] _asContextFormat = new string []
        { 
            "name",
            "address",
            "number_cardinal",
            "currency", 
            "date_md",
            "date_dm", 
            "date_dm", 
            "date_dmy",
            "date_md", 
            "date_md",
            "date_mdy",
            "date_my",
            "date_ym", 
            "date_ymd",
            "date_year", 
            "number_digit", 
            "name",
            "web_url", 
            "E-mail_address",
            "web_url",
            "number_ordinal",
            "", 
            "phone_number",
            "time", 
            "time", 
            "time"
        }; 

        #endregion

    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
//------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
// 
// Converts text fragments from Sapi to SSML and from SSML to SAPI
// 
// History: 
//		2/1/2005	jeanfp		Created from the Sapi Managed code
//----------------------------------------------------------------- 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices; 
using System.Speech.Synthesis.TtsEngine;
 
namespace System.Speech.Internal.Synthesis 
{
    internal static class ConvertTextFrag 
    {
        //*******************************************************************
        //
        // Internal Methods 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 
 
        #region internal Methods
 
        internal static bool ToSapi (List ssmlFrags, ref GCHandle sapiFragLast)
        {
            bool fFirst = true;
 
            for (int iFrag = ssmlFrags.Count - 1; iFrag >= 0; iFrag--)
            { 
                TextFragment textFragment = ssmlFrags [iFrag]; 

                // Remove the start and end paragraph fragments 
                if (textFragment.State.Action == TtsEngineAction.StartParagraph || textFragment.State.Action == TtsEngineAction.StartSentence)
                {
                    continue;
                } 

                SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag = new SPVTEXTFRAG (); 
 
                // start with the text fragment
                sapiFrag.gcNext = fFirst ? new GCHandle () : sapiFragLast; 
                sapiFrag.pNext = fFirst ? IntPtr.Zero : sapiFragLast.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
                sapiFrag.gcText = GCHandle.Alloc (textFragment.TextToSpeak, GCHandleType.Pinned);
                sapiFrag.pTextStart = sapiFrag.gcText.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
                sapiFrag.ulTextSrcOffset = textFragment.TextOffset; 
                sapiFrag.ulTextLen = textFragment.TextLength;
 
                // State 
                SPVSTATE sapiState = new SPVSTATE ();
                FragmentState ssmlState = textFragment.State; 
                sapiState.eAction = (SPVACTIONS) ssmlState.Action;
                sapiState.LangID = (Int16) ssmlState.LangId;
                sapiState.EmphAdj = ssmlState.Emphasis != 1 ? 0 : 1;
                if (ssmlState.Prosody != null) 
                {
                    sapiState.RateAdj = SapiRate (ssmlState.Prosody.Rate); 
                    sapiState.Volume = SapiVolume (ssmlState.Prosody.Volume); 
                    sapiState.PitchAdj.MiddleAdj = SapiPitch (ssmlState.Prosody.Pitch);
                } 
                else
                {
                    sapiState.Volume = 100;
                } 

                sapiState.ePartOfSpeech = SPPARTOFSPEECH.SPPS_Unknown; 
 
                // Set the silence if any
                if (sapiState.eAction == SPVACTIONS.SPVA_Silence) 
                {
                    sapiState.SilenceMSecs = SapiSilence (ssmlState.Duration, (EmphasisBreak) ssmlState.Emphasis);
                }
 
                // Set the phonemes if any
                if (ssmlState.Phoneme != null) 
                { 
                    sapiState.eAction = SPVACTIONS.SPVA_Pronounce;
                    sapiFrag.gcPhoneme = GCHandle.Alloc (ssmlState.Phoneme, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
                    sapiState.pPhoneIds = sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.AddrOfPinnedObject ();

                    // Get rid of the text if phonemes are defined. This is to be compatible with existing
                    // TTS engines. 
                }
                else 
                { 
                    sapiFrag.gcPhoneme = new GCHandle ();
                    sapiState.pPhoneIds = IntPtr.Zero; 
                }

                // Set the say-as if any
                if (ssmlState.SayAs != null) 
                {
                    string format = ssmlState.SayAs.Format; 
                    string interpretAs; 
                    switch (interpretAs = ssmlState.SayAs.InterpretAs)
                    { 
                        case "spellout":
                        case "spell-out":
                        case "characters":
                        case "letters": 
                            sapiState.eAction = SPVACTIONS.SPVA_SpellOut;
                            break; 
 
                        case "time":
                        case "date": 
                            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty (format))
                            {
                                interpretAs = interpretAs + ':' + format;
                            } 
                            sapiState.Context.pCategory = SapiCategory (sapiFrag, interpretAs, null);
                            break; 
 
                        default:
                            sapiState.Context.pCategory = SapiCategory (sapiFrag, interpretAs, format); 
                            break;
                    }
                }
 
                sapiFrag.State = sapiState;
                sapiFragLast = GCHandle.Alloc (sapiFrag, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
 
                fFirst = false;
 
            }
            return !fFirst;
        }
 
        private static IntPtr SapiCategory (SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag, string interpretAs, string format)
        { 
            int posSayAsFormat = Array.BinarySearch (_asSayAsFormat, interpretAs); 
            string sFormat = posSayAsFormat >= 0 ? _asContextFormat [posSayAsFormat] : format;
            sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory = GCHandle.Alloc (sFormat, GCHandleType.Pinned); 
            return sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.AddrOfPinnedObject ();
        }

        internal static void FreeTextSegment (ref GCHandle fragment) 
        {
            SPVTEXTFRAG sapiFrag = (SPVTEXTFRAG) fragment.Target; 
            if (sapiFrag.gcNext.IsAllocated) 
            {
                FreeTextSegment (ref sapiFrag.gcNext); 
                sapiFrag.gcNext.Free ();
            }

            // free the references to the optional elements 
            if (sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.IsAllocated)
            { 
                sapiFrag.gcPhoneme.Free (); 
            }
 
            if (sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.IsAllocated)
            {
                sapiFrag.gcSayAsCategory.Free ();
            } 

            // Free the text associated with this fragment 
            sapiFrag.gcText.Free (); 
        }
 
        #endregion

        //********************************************************************
        // 
        // Private Methods
        // 
        //******************************************************************* 

        #region Private Methods 

        private static int SapiVolume (ProsodyNumber volume)
        {
            int sapiVolume = 100; 
            if (volume.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber)
            { 
                switch ((ProsodyVolume) (int) volume.SsmlAttributeId) 
                {
                    case ProsodyVolume.ExtraLoud: 
                        sapiVolume = 100;
                        break;

                    case ProsodyVolume.Loud: 
                        sapiVolume = 80;
                        break; 
 
                    case ProsodyVolume.Medium:
                        sapiVolume = 60; 
                        break;

                    case ProsodyVolume.Soft:
                        sapiVolume = 40; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyVolume.ExtraSoft: 
                        sapiVolume = 20;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyVolume.Silent:
                        sapiVolume = 0;
                        break; 
                }
                // add the relative information 
                sapiVolume = (int) ((volume.IsNumberPercent ? sapiVolume * volume.Number : volume.Number) + 0.5); 
            }
            else 
            {
                sapiVolume = (int) (volume.Number + 0.5);
            }
 
            // Check the range.
            if (sapiVolume > 100) 
            { 
                sapiVolume = 100;
            } 
            if (sapiVolume < 0)
            {
                sapiVolume = 0;
            } 
            return sapiVolume;
        } 
 
        private static int SapiSilence (int duration, EmphasisBreak emphasis)
        { 
            int sapiSilence = 1000;

            if (duration > 0)
            { 
                sapiSilence = duration;
            } 
            else 
            {
                switch (emphasis) 
                {

                    // No break, arbitrarily defined as 10 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.None: 
                        sapiSilence = 10;
                        break; 
 
                    // Extra small break, arbitrarily defined as 125 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.ExtraWeak: 
                        sapiSilence = 125;
                        break;

                    // Small break, arbitrarily defined as 250 milliseconds 
                    case EmphasisBreak.Weak:
                        sapiSilence = 250; 
                        break; 

                    // Medium break, arbitrarily defined as 1000 milliseconds 
                    case EmphasisBreak.Medium:
                        sapiSilence = 1000;
                        break;
 
                    // Large break, arbitrarily defined as 1750 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.Strong: 
                        sapiSilence = 1750; 
                        break;
 
                    // Extra large break, arbitrarily defined as 3000 milliseconds
                    case EmphasisBreak.ExtraStrong:
                        sapiSilence = 3000;
                        break; 
                }
            } 
            if (sapiSilence < 0 || sapiSilence > 0xffff) 
            {
                sapiSilence = 1000; 
            }
            return sapiSilence;
        }
 
        /// 
        /// Produces the SAPI "RATE" tag 
        ///  
        /// 
        ///  
        private static int SapiRate (ProsodyNumber rate)
        {

            // Okay, we have a RATE element, but what do we set the rate to? 
            // Rate varies on a scale from -10 to 10 for us.
            // There isn't a defined mapping between Words per Minute and rate. 
            // For percentage changes, we will require that -10 maps to one third the default rate, 
            // and +10 to three times the default, on a log scale.
            // But for absolute or relative (not percent) we can't support this without a defined base-line rate 
            // We could get away with 180 for this in english, but very variable across languages.

            int sapiRate = 0;
            if (rate.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber) 
            {
                switch ((ProsodyRate) (int) rate.SsmlAttributeId) 
                { 
                    case ProsodyRate.ExtraSlow:
                        sapiRate = -9; 
                        break;

                    case ProsodyRate.Slow:
                        sapiRate = -4; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyRate.Fast: 
                        sapiRate = 4;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyRate.ExtraFast:
                        sapiRate = 9;
                        break; 
                }
 
                // add the relative information 
                sapiRate = (int) ((rate.IsNumberPercent ? ScaleNumber (rate.Number, sapiRate, 10) : sapiRate) + 0.5);
            } 
            else
            {
                sapiRate = ScaleNumber (rate.Number, 0, 10);
            } 
            // Check the range.
            if (sapiRate > 10) 
            { 
                sapiRate = 10;
            } 
            if (sapiRate < -10)
            {
                sapiRate = -10;
            } 
            return sapiRate;
        } 
 
        private static int SapiPitch (ProsodyNumber pitch)
        { 
            int sapiPitch = 0;

            if (pitch.SsmlAttributeId != ProsodyNumber.AbsoluteNumber)
            { 
                switch ((ProsodyPitch) (int) pitch.SsmlAttributeId)
                { 
                    case ProsodyPitch.ExtraHigh: 
                        sapiPitch = 9;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyPitch.High:
                        sapiPitch = 4;
                        break; 

                    case ProsodyPitch.Low: 
                        sapiPitch = -4; 
                        break;
 
                    case ProsodyPitch.ExtraLow:
                        sapiPitch = -9;
                        break;
                } 
                // add the relative information
                sapiPitch = (int) ((pitch.IsNumberPercent ? sapiPitch * pitch.Number : pitch.Number) + 0.5); 
            } 

            // Check the range. 
            if (sapiPitch > 10)
            {
                sapiPitch = 10;
            } 
            if (sapiPitch < -10)
            { 
                sapiPitch = -10; 
            }
            return sapiPitch; 
        }

        private static int ScaleNumber (float value, int currentValue, int max)
        { 
            int rate = 0;
            // Because we are on a logarithmic scale, can handle percentage changes 
            // 300% --> multiply by 3.0 --> sapi rate change of +max.0 
            // 100%    --> multiply by 1.0 --> sapi rate change of 0.0
            // 33%  --> multiply by 0.33 --> sapi rate change of -max.0 
            if (value >= 0.01)
            {
                rate = (int) (((Math.Log (value) / Math.Log (3.0)) * max) + 0.5);
                rate += currentValue; 
                if (rate > max)
                { 
                    rate = max; 
                }
                else if (rate < -max) 
                {
                    rate = -max;
                }
            } 
            else
            { 
                rate = -max; 
            }
            return rate; 
        }


        #endregion 

        //******************************************************************** 
        // 
        // Private Field
        // 
        //********************************************************************

        #region Private Methods
 
        static readonly string [] _asSayAsFormat = new string []
        { 
            "acronym", 
            "address",
            "cardinal", 
            "currency",
            "date",
            "date:d",
            "date:dm", 
            "date:dmy",
            "date:m", 
            "date:md", 
            "date:mdy",
            "date:my", 
            "date:ym",
            "date:ymd",
            "date:y",
            "digits", 
            "name",
            "net", 
            "net:email", 
            "net:uri",
            "ordinal", 
            "spellout",
            "telephone",
            "time",
            "time:hms12", 
            "time:hms24"
        }; 
 
        static readonly string [] _asContextFormat = new string []
        { 
            "name",
            "address",
            "number_cardinal",
            "currency", 
            "date_md",
            "date_dm", 
            "date_dm", 
            "date_dmy",
            "date_md", 
            "date_md",
            "date_mdy",
            "date_my",
            "date_ym", 
            "date_ymd",
            "date_year", 
            "number_digit", 
            "name",
            "web_url", 
            "E-mail_address",
            "web_url",
            "number_ordinal",
            "", 
            "phone_number",
            "time", 
            "time", 
            "time"
        }; 

        #endregion

    } 
}

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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