GregorianCalendar.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Net / Net / 3.5.50727.3053 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / whidbey / netfxsp / ndp / clr / src / BCL / System / Globalization / GregorianCalendar.cs / 5 / GregorianCalendar.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Globalization {
    // 
    // N.B.: 
    // A lot of this code is directly from DateTime.cs.  If you update that class,
    // update this one as well. 
    // However, we still need these duplicated code because we will add era support
    // in this class.
    //
    // 

    using System.Threading; 
    using System; 
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Runtime.Serialization; 

    //
    // This class implements the Gregorian calendar. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII made
    // minor changes to the solar Julian or "Old Style" calendar to make it more 
    // accurate. Thus the calendar became known as the Gregorian or "New Style"
    // calendar, and adopted in Catholic ---- such as Spain and France. Later 
    // the Gregorian calendar became popular throughout Western Europe because it 
    // was accurate and convenient for international trade. Scandinavian ----
    // adopted it in 1700, Great Britain in 1752, the ----n colonies in 1752 and 
    // India in 1757. China adopted the same calendar in 1911, Russia in 1918, and
    // some Eastern European ---- as late as 1940.
    //
    // This calendar recognizes two era values: 
    // 0 CurrentEra (AD)
    // 1 BeforeCurrentEra (BC) 
 
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    [Serializable()] public class GregorianCalendar : Calendar 
    {
        /*
            A.D. = anno Domini (after the birth of ---- ----)
         */ 

        public const int ADEra = 1; 
 

        internal const int DatePartYear = 0; 
        internal const int DatePartDayOfYear = 1;
        internal const int DatePartMonth = 2;
        internal const int DatePartDay = 3;
 
        //
        // This is the max Gregorian year can be represented by DateTime class.  The limitation 
        // is derived from DateTime class. 
        //
        internal const int MaxYear = 9999; 

        internal GregorianCalendarTypes m_type;

        internal static readonly int[] DaysToMonth365 = 
        {
            0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 365 
        }; 

        internal static readonly int[] DaysToMonth366 = 
        {
            0, 31, 60, 91, 121, 152, 182, 213, 244, 274, 305, 335, 366
        };
 
        internal static Calendar m_defaultInstance = null;
 
#region Serialization 
        [OnDeserialized]
        private void OnDeserialized(StreamingContext ctx) 
        {
            if (m_type < GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized ||
                m_type > GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench)
            { 
                throw new SerializationException(
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString(
                                                "Serialization_MemberOutOfRange"), 
                                                "type",
                                                "GregorianCalendar"));
            }
        } 
#endregion Serialization
 
 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MinSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get
            {
                return (DateTime.MinValue); 
            }
        } 
 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MaxSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get
            {
                return (DateTime.MaxValue); 
            }
        } 
 
        // Return the type of the Gregorian calendar.
        // 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override CalendarAlgorithmType AlgorithmType
        { 
            get
            { 
                return CalendarAlgorithmType.SolarCalendar; 
            }
        } 

        /*=================================GetDefaultInstance==========================
        **Action: Internal method to provide a default intance of GregorianCalendar.  Used by NLS+ implementation
        **       and other calendars. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions: 
        ============================================================================*/
 
        internal static Calendar GetDefaultInstance() {
            if (m_defaultInstance == null) {
                m_defaultInstance = new GregorianCalendar();
            } 
            return (m_defaultInstance);
        } 
 
        // Construct an instance of gregorian calendar.
 
        public GregorianCalendar() :
            this(GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized) {
        }
 

        public GregorianCalendar(GregorianCalendarTypes type) { 
            if ((int)type < (int)GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized || (int)type > (int)GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "type", 
                            String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized, GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench));
            }
            this.m_type = type; 
        }
 
        public virtual GregorianCalendarTypes CalendarType { 
            get {
                return (m_type); 
            }

            set {
                VerifyWritable(); 

                switch (value) { 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized: 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.USEnglish:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.MiddleEastFrench: 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.Arabic:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedEnglish:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench:
                        m_type = value; 
                        break;
 
                    default: 
                        throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("m_type", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Enum"));
                } 
            }
        }

        internal override int ID { 
            get {
                // By returning different ID for different variations of GregorianCalendar, 
                // we can support the Transliterated Gregorian calendar. 
                // DateTimeFormatInfo will use this ID to get formatting information about
                // the calendar. 
                return ((int)m_type);
            }
        }
 

        // Returns a given date part of this DateTime. This method is used 
        // to compute the year, day-of-year, month, or day part. 
        internal virtual int GetDatePart(long ticks, int part)
        { 
            // n = number of days since 1/1/0001
            int n = (int)(ticks / TicksPerDay);
            // y400 = number of whole 400-year periods since 1/1/0001
            int y400 = n / DaysPer400Years; 
            // n = day number within 400-year period
            n -= y400 * DaysPer400Years; 
            // y100 = number of whole 100-year periods within 400-year period 
            int y100 = n / DaysPer100Years;
            // Last 100-year period has an extra day, so decrement result if 4 
            if (y100 == 4) y100 = 3;
            // n = day number within 100-year period
            n -= y100 * DaysPer100Years;
            // y4 = number of whole 4-year periods within 100-year period 
            int y4 = n / DaysPer4Years;
            // n = day number within 4-year period 
            n -= y4 * DaysPer4Years; 
            // y1 = number of whole years within 4-year period
            int y1 = n / DaysPerYear; 
            // Last year has an extra day, so decrement result if 4
            if (y1 == 4) y1 = 3;
            // If year was requested, compute and return it
            if (part == DatePartYear) 
            {
                return (y400 * 400 + y100 * 100 + y4 * 4 + y1 + 1); 
            } 
            // n = day number within year
            n -= y1 * DaysPerYear; 
            // If day-of-year was requested, return it
            if (part == DatePartDayOfYear)
            {
                return (n + 1); 
            }
            // Leap year calculation looks different from IsLeapYear since y1, y4, 
            // and y100 are relative to year 1, not year 0 
            bool leapYear = (y1 == 3 && (y4 != 24 || y100 == 3));
            int[] days = leapYear? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365; 
            // All months have less than 32 days, so n >> 5 is a good conservative
            // estimate for the month
            int m = n >> 5 + 1;
            // m = 1-based month number 
            while (n >= days[m]) m++;
            // If month was requested, return it 
            if (part == DatePartMonth) return (m); 
            // Return 1-based day-of-month
            return (n - days[m - 1] + 1); 
        }

        /*=================================GetAbsoluteDate==========================
        **Action: Gets the absolute date for the given Gregorian date.  The absolute date means 
        **       the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns:  the absolute date 
        **Arguments: 
        **      year    the Gregorian year
        **      month   the Gregorian month 
        **      day     the day
        **Exceptions:
        **      ArgumentOutOfRangException  if year, month, day value is valid.
        **Note: 
        **      This is an internal method used by DateToTicks() and the calculations of Hijri and Hebrew calendars.
        **      Number of Days in Prior Years (both common and leap years) + 
        **      Number of Days in Prior Months of Current Year + 
        **      Number of Days in Current Month
        ** 
        ============================================================================*/

        internal static long GetAbsoluteDate(int year, int month, int day) {
            if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear && month >= 1 && month <= 12) 
            {
                int[] days = ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0))) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365; 
                if (day >= 1 && (day <= days[month] - days[month - 1])) { 
                    int y = year - 1;
                    int absoluteDate = y * 365 + y / 4 - y / 100 + y / 400 + days[month - 1] + day - 1; 
                    return (absoluteDate);
                }
            }
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(null, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_BadYearMonthDay")); 
        }
 
        // Returns the tick count corresponding to the given year, month, and day. 
        // Will check the if the parameters are valid.
        internal virtual long DateToTicks(int year, int month, int day) { 
            return (GetAbsoluteDate(year, month,  day)* TicksPerDay);
        }

        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // months to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year and month parts of the specified DateTime by 
        // value months, and, if required, adjusting the day part of the 
        // resulting date downwards to the last day of the resulting month in the
        // resulting year. The time-of-day part of the result is the same as the 
        // time-of-day part of the specified DateTime.
        //
        // In more precise terms, considering the specified DateTime to be of the
        // form y / m / d + t, where y is the 
        // year, m is the month, d is the day, and t is the
        // time-of-day, the result is y1 / m1 / d1 + t, 
        // where y1 and m1 are computed by adding value months 
        // to y and m, and d1 is the largest value less than
        // or equal to d that denotes a valid day in month m1 of year 
        // y1.
        //

        public override DateTime AddMonths(DateTime time, int months) 
        {
            if (months < -120000 || months > 120000) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "months",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                -120000,
                                120000)); 
            }
            int y = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear); 
            int m = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth); 
            int d = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay);
            int i = m - 1 + months; 
            if (i >= 0)
            {
                m = i % 12 + 1;
                y = y + i / 12; 
            }
            else 
            { 
                m = 12 + (i + 1) % 12;
                y = y + (i - 11) / 12; 
            }
            int[] daysArray = (y % 4 == 0 && (y % 100 != 0 || y % 400 == 0)) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365;
            int days = (daysArray[m] - daysArray[m - 1]);
 
            if (d > days)
            { 
                d = days; 
            }
            long ticks = DateToTicks(y, m, d) + time.Ticks % TicksPerDay; 
            Calendar.CheckAddResult(ticks, MinSupportedDateTime, MaxSupportedDateTime);

            return (new DateTime(ticks));
        } 

 
        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // years to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year part of the specified DateTime by value 
        // years. If the month and day of the specified DateTime is 2/29, and if the
        // resulting year is not a leap year, the month and day of the resulting
        // DateTime becomes 2/28. Otherwise, the month, day, and time-of-day
        // parts of the result are the same as those of the specified DateTime. 
        //
 
        public override DateTime AddYears(DateTime time, int years) 
        {
            return (AddMonths(time, years * 12)); 
        }

        // Returns the day-of-month part of the specified DateTime. The returned
        // value is an integer between 1 and 31. 
        //
 
        public override int GetDayOfMonth(DateTime time) 
        {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay)); 
        }

        // Returns the day-of-week part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 0 and 6, where 0 indicates Sunday, 1 indicates 
        // Monday, 2 indicates Tuesday, 3 indicates Wednesday, 4 indicates
        // Thursday, 5 indicates Friday, and 6 indicates Saturday. 
        // 

        public override DayOfWeek GetDayOfWeek(DateTime time) 
        {
            return ((DayOfWeek)((int)(time.Ticks / TicksPerDay + 1) % 7));
        }
 

        // This is copied from the generic implementation of Calendar.cs.  The generic implementation is not good enough 
        // in the case of FristFullWeek and FirstFourDayWeek since it needs the data for B.C. year 1 near 0001/1/1. 
        // We override the generic implementation to handle this special case.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override int GetWeekOfYear(DateTime time, CalendarWeekRule rule, DayOfWeek firstDayOfWeek)
        {
            if ((int)firstDayOfWeek < 0 || (int)firstDayOfWeek > 6) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                    "firstDayOfWeek", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    DayOfWeek.Sunday, DayOfWeek.Saturday)); 
            } 
            switch (rule) {
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstDay: 
                    return (GetFirstDayWeekOfYear(time, (int)firstDayOfWeek));
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstFullWeek:
                    return (InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(this, time, (int)firstDayOfWeek, 7, 365));
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstFourDayWeek: 
                    return (InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(this, time, (int)firstDayOfWeek, 4, 365));
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                "rule", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                CalendarWeekRule.FirstDay, CalendarWeekRule.FirstFourDayWeek)); 

        }

 

        // This is copied from the generic implementation of GetWeekOfYearFullDays() in Calendar.cs.  The generic implementation is not good enough 
        // in the case of FristFullWeek and FirstFourDayWeek since it needs the data for B.C. year 1 near 0001/1/1. 
        // We override the generic implementation to handle this special case.
 
        // Parameters
        //
        internal static int InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(Calendar cal, DateTime time, int firstDayOfWeek, int fullDays, int daysOfMinYearMinusOne) {
            int dayForJan1; 
            int offset;
            int day; 
 
            int dayOfYear = cal.GetDayOfYear(time) - 1; // Make the day of year to be 0-based, so that 1/1 is day 0.
            // 
            // Calculate the number of days between the first day of year (1/1) and the first day of the week.
            // This value will be a positive value from 0 ~ 6.  We call this value as "offset".
            //
            // If offset is 0, it means that the 1/1 is the start of the first week. 
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sun      Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat 
            //     12/31    1/1     1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6 
            //              +--> First week starts here.
            // 
            // If offset is 1, it means that the first day of the week is 1 day ahead of 1/1.
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sun      Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat
            //     1/1      1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6     1/7 
            //              +--> First week starts here.
            // 
            // If offset is 2, it means that the first day of the week is 2 days ahead of 1/1. 
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sat      Sun     Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat 
            //     1/1      1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6     1/7     1/8
            //                      +--> First week starts here.

 

            // Day of week is 0-based. 
            // Get the day of week for 1/1.  This can be derived from the day of week of the target day. 
            // Note that we can get a negative value.  It's ok since we are going to make it a positive value when calculating the offset.
            dayForJan1 = (int)cal.GetDayOfWeek(time) - (dayOfYear % 7); 

            // Now, calucalte the offset.  Substract the first day of week from the dayForJan1.  And make it a positive value.
            offset = (firstDayOfWeek - dayForJan1 + 14) % 7;
            if (offset != 0 && offset >= fullDays) 
            {
                // 
                // If the offset is greater than the value of fullDays, it means that 
                // the first week of the year starts on the week where Jan/1 falls on.
                // 
                offset -= 7;
            }
            //
            // Calculate the day of year for specified time by taking offset into account. 
            //
            day = dayOfYear - offset; 
            if (day >= 0) { 
                //
                // If the day of year value is greater than zero, get the week of year. 
                //
                return (day/7 + 1);
            }
            // 
            // Otherwise, the specified time falls on the week of previous year.
            // Note that it is not always week 52 or 53, because it depends on the calendar.  Different calendars have different number of days in a year. 
            // 

            // Repeat the previous calculation logic using the previous year and calculate the week of year for the last day of previous year. 
            int year = cal.GetYear(time);
            if (year <= cal.GetYear(cal.MinSupportedDateTime)) {
                // This specified time is in 0001/1/1 ~ 0001/1/7.
                dayOfYear = daysOfMinYearMinusOne; 
            } else {
                dayOfYear = cal.GetDaysInYear(year - 1); 
            } 
            dayForJan1 = dayForJan1 - (dayOfYear % 7);
            // Now, calucalte the offset.  Substract the first day of week from the dayForJan1.  And make it a positive value. 
            offset = (firstDayOfWeek - dayForJan1 + 14) % 7;
            if (offset != 0 && offset >= fullDays)
            {
                // 
                // If the offset is greater than the value of fullDays, it means that
                // the first week of the year starts on the week where Jan/1 falls on. 
                // 
                offset -= 7;
            } 
            //
            // Calculate the day of year for specified time by taking offset into account.
            //
            day = dayOfYear - offset; 
            return (day/7 + 1);
        } 
 

 
        // Returns the day-of-year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 1 and 366.
        //
 
        public override int GetDayOfYear(DateTime time)
        { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDayOfYear)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of days in the month given by the year and
        // month arguments.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("year", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                        1, MaxYear)); 
                }
                if (month < 1 || month > 12) {
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Month"));
                } 
                int[] days = ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0)) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365);
                return (days[month] - days[month - 1]); 
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        } 

        // Returns the number of days in the year given by the year argument for the current era.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInYear(int year, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) {
                    return ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0)) ? 366:365); 
                }
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                1, 
                                MaxYear));
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        }

        // Returns the era for the specified DateTime value. 

        public override int GetEra(DateTime time) 
        { 
            return (ADEra);
        } 


        public override int[] Eras {
            get { 
                return (new int[] {ADEra} );
            } 
        } 

 
        // Returns the month part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 12.
        //
 
        public override int GetMonth(DateTime time)
        { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of months in the specified year and era.

        public override int GetMonthsInYear(int year, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) {
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) 
                { 
                    return (12);
                } 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                1, 
                                MaxYear)); 
            }
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue")); 
        }

        // Returns the year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 9999. 
        //
 
        public override int GetYear(DateTime time) 
        {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear)); 
        }

        // Checks whether a given day in the specified era is a leap day. This method returns true if
        // the date is a leap day, or false if not. 
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapDay(int year, int month, int day, int era) 
        {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            }
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                                "year",
                                String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, 12));
            }
            if (day < 1 || day > GetDaysInMonth(year, month)) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("day", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, GetDaysInMonth(year, month))); 
            } 
            if (!IsLeapYear(year)) {
                return (false); 
            }
            if (month == 2 && day == 29) {
                return (true);
            } 
            return (false);
        } 
 
        // Returns  the leap month in a calendar year of the specified era. This method returns 0
        // if this calendar does not have leap month, or this year is not a leap year. 
        //

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override int GetLeapMonth(int year, int era) 
        {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) 
            { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            } 
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 
            return (0);
        } 

        // Checks whether a given month in the specified era is a leap month. This method returns true if
        // month is a leap month, or false if not.
        // 

        public override bool IsLeapMonth(int year, int month, int era) 
        { 
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue")); 
            }

            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear));
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, 12)); 
            }
            return (false); 
 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given year in the specified era is a leap year. This method returns true if
        // year is a leap year, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapYear(int year, int era) {
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) { 
                    return (year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0));
                } 

                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        } 

        // Returns the date and time converted to a DateTime value.  Throws an exception if the n-tuple is invalid.
        //
 
        public override DateTime ToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                return new DateTime(year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond);
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        }

        internal override Boolean TryToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era, out DateTime result) { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) {
                return DateTime.TryCreate(year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, out result); 
            } 
            result = DateTime.MinValue;
            return false; 
        }

        private const int DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX = 2029;
 

        public override int TwoDigitYearMax 
        { 
            get {
                if (twoDigitYearMax == -1) { 
                    twoDigitYearMax = GetSystemTwoDigitYearSetting(ID, DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX);
                }
                return (twoDigitYearMax);
            } 

            set { 
                VerifyWritable(); 
                if (value < 99 || value > MaxYear) {
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                                "year",
                                String.Format(
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                    99,
                                    MaxYear)); 
 
                }
                twoDigitYearMax = value; 
            }
        }

 
        public override int ToFourDigitYear(int year) {
            if (year > MaxYear) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear));
            }
            return (base.ToFourDigitYear(year)); 
        }
    } 
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 
namespace System.Globalization {
    // 
    // N.B.: 
    // A lot of this code is directly from DateTime.cs.  If you update that class,
    // update this one as well. 
    // However, we still need these duplicated code because we will add era support
    // in this class.
    //
    // 

    using System.Threading; 
    using System; 
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.Runtime.Serialization; 

    //
    // This class implements the Gregorian calendar. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII made
    // minor changes to the solar Julian or "Old Style" calendar to make it more 
    // accurate. Thus the calendar became known as the Gregorian or "New Style"
    // calendar, and adopted in Catholic ---- such as Spain and France. Later 
    // the Gregorian calendar became popular throughout Western Europe because it 
    // was accurate and convenient for international trade. Scandinavian ----
    // adopted it in 1700, Great Britain in 1752, the ----n colonies in 1752 and 
    // India in 1757. China adopted the same calendar in 1911, Russia in 1918, and
    // some Eastern European ---- as late as 1940.
    //
    // This calendar recognizes two era values: 
    // 0 CurrentEra (AD)
    // 1 BeforeCurrentEra (BC) 
 
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
    [Serializable()] public class GregorianCalendar : Calendar 
    {
        /*
            A.D. = anno Domini (after the birth of ---- ----)
         */ 

        public const int ADEra = 1; 
 

        internal const int DatePartYear = 0; 
        internal const int DatePartDayOfYear = 1;
        internal const int DatePartMonth = 2;
        internal const int DatePartDay = 3;
 
        //
        // This is the max Gregorian year can be represented by DateTime class.  The limitation 
        // is derived from DateTime class. 
        //
        internal const int MaxYear = 9999; 

        internal GregorianCalendarTypes m_type;

        internal static readonly int[] DaysToMonth365 = 
        {
            0, 31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 365 
        }; 

        internal static readonly int[] DaysToMonth366 = 
        {
            0, 31, 60, 91, 121, 152, 182, 213, 244, 274, 305, 335, 366
        };
 
        internal static Calendar m_defaultInstance = null;
 
#region Serialization 
        [OnDeserialized]
        private void OnDeserialized(StreamingContext ctx) 
        {
            if (m_type < GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized ||
                m_type > GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench)
            { 
                throw new SerializationException(
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString(
                                                "Serialization_MemberOutOfRange"), 
                                                "type",
                                                "GregorianCalendar"));
            }
        } 
#endregion Serialization
 
 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MinSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get
            {
                return (DateTime.MinValue); 
            }
        } 
 
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override DateTime MaxSupportedDateTime 
        {
            get
            {
                return (DateTime.MaxValue); 
            }
        } 
 
        // Return the type of the Gregorian calendar.
        // 

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override CalendarAlgorithmType AlgorithmType
        { 
            get
            { 
                return CalendarAlgorithmType.SolarCalendar; 
            }
        } 

        /*=================================GetDefaultInstance==========================
        **Action: Internal method to provide a default intance of GregorianCalendar.  Used by NLS+ implementation
        **       and other calendars. 
        **Returns:
        **Arguments: 
        **Exceptions: 
        ============================================================================*/
 
        internal static Calendar GetDefaultInstance() {
            if (m_defaultInstance == null) {
                m_defaultInstance = new GregorianCalendar();
            } 
            return (m_defaultInstance);
        } 
 
        // Construct an instance of gregorian calendar.
 
        public GregorianCalendar() :
            this(GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized) {
        }
 

        public GregorianCalendar(GregorianCalendarTypes type) { 
            if ((int)type < (int)GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized || (int)type > (int)GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "type", 
                            String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized, GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench));
            }
            this.m_type = type; 
        }
 
        public virtual GregorianCalendarTypes CalendarType { 
            get {
                return (m_type); 
            }

            set {
                VerifyWritable(); 

                switch (value) { 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.Localized: 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.USEnglish:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.MiddleEastFrench: 
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.Arabic:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedEnglish:
                    case GregorianCalendarTypes.TransliteratedFrench:
                        m_type = value; 
                        break;
 
                    default: 
                        throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("m_type", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Enum"));
                } 
            }
        }

        internal override int ID { 
            get {
                // By returning different ID for different variations of GregorianCalendar, 
                // we can support the Transliterated Gregorian calendar. 
                // DateTimeFormatInfo will use this ID to get formatting information about
                // the calendar. 
                return ((int)m_type);
            }
        }
 

        // Returns a given date part of this DateTime. This method is used 
        // to compute the year, day-of-year, month, or day part. 
        internal virtual int GetDatePart(long ticks, int part)
        { 
            // n = number of days since 1/1/0001
            int n = (int)(ticks / TicksPerDay);
            // y400 = number of whole 400-year periods since 1/1/0001
            int y400 = n / DaysPer400Years; 
            // n = day number within 400-year period
            n -= y400 * DaysPer400Years; 
            // y100 = number of whole 100-year periods within 400-year period 
            int y100 = n / DaysPer100Years;
            // Last 100-year period has an extra day, so decrement result if 4 
            if (y100 == 4) y100 = 3;
            // n = day number within 100-year period
            n -= y100 * DaysPer100Years;
            // y4 = number of whole 4-year periods within 100-year period 
            int y4 = n / DaysPer4Years;
            // n = day number within 4-year period 
            n -= y4 * DaysPer4Years; 
            // y1 = number of whole years within 4-year period
            int y1 = n / DaysPerYear; 
            // Last year has an extra day, so decrement result if 4
            if (y1 == 4) y1 = 3;
            // If year was requested, compute and return it
            if (part == DatePartYear) 
            {
                return (y400 * 400 + y100 * 100 + y4 * 4 + y1 + 1); 
            } 
            // n = day number within year
            n -= y1 * DaysPerYear; 
            // If day-of-year was requested, return it
            if (part == DatePartDayOfYear)
            {
                return (n + 1); 
            }
            // Leap year calculation looks different from IsLeapYear since y1, y4, 
            // and y100 are relative to year 1, not year 0 
            bool leapYear = (y1 == 3 && (y4 != 24 || y100 == 3));
            int[] days = leapYear? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365; 
            // All months have less than 32 days, so n >> 5 is a good conservative
            // estimate for the month
            int m = n >> 5 + 1;
            // m = 1-based month number 
            while (n >= days[m]) m++;
            // If month was requested, return it 
            if (part == DatePartMonth) return (m); 
            // Return 1-based day-of-month
            return (n - days[m - 1] + 1); 
        }

        /*=================================GetAbsoluteDate==========================
        **Action: Gets the absolute date for the given Gregorian date.  The absolute date means 
        **       the number of days from January 1st, 1 A.D.
        **Returns:  the absolute date 
        **Arguments: 
        **      year    the Gregorian year
        **      month   the Gregorian month 
        **      day     the day
        **Exceptions:
        **      ArgumentOutOfRangException  if year, month, day value is valid.
        **Note: 
        **      This is an internal method used by DateToTicks() and the calculations of Hijri and Hebrew calendars.
        **      Number of Days in Prior Years (both common and leap years) + 
        **      Number of Days in Prior Months of Current Year + 
        **      Number of Days in Current Month
        ** 
        ============================================================================*/

        internal static long GetAbsoluteDate(int year, int month, int day) {
            if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear && month >= 1 && month <= 12) 
            {
                int[] days = ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0))) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365; 
                if (day >= 1 && (day <= days[month] - days[month - 1])) { 
                    int y = year - 1;
                    int absoluteDate = y * 365 + y / 4 - y / 100 + y / 400 + days[month - 1] + day - 1; 
                    return (absoluteDate);
                }
            }
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(null, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_BadYearMonthDay")); 
        }
 
        // Returns the tick count corresponding to the given year, month, and day. 
        // Will check the if the parameters are valid.
        internal virtual long DateToTicks(int year, int month, int day) { 
            return (GetAbsoluteDate(year, month,  day)* TicksPerDay);
        }

        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // months to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year and month parts of the specified DateTime by 
        // value months, and, if required, adjusting the day part of the 
        // resulting date downwards to the last day of the resulting month in the
        // resulting year. The time-of-day part of the result is the same as the 
        // time-of-day part of the specified DateTime.
        //
        // In more precise terms, considering the specified DateTime to be of the
        // form y / m / d + t, where y is the 
        // year, m is the month, d is the day, and t is the
        // time-of-day, the result is y1 / m1 / d1 + t, 
        // where y1 and m1 are computed by adding value months 
        // to y and m, and d1 is the largest value less than
        // or equal to d that denotes a valid day in month m1 of year 
        // y1.
        //

        public override DateTime AddMonths(DateTime time, int months) 
        {
            if (months < -120000 || months > 120000) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "months",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                -120000,
                                120000)); 
            }
            int y = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear); 
            int m = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth); 
            int d = GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay);
            int i = m - 1 + months; 
            if (i >= 0)
            {
                m = i % 12 + 1;
                y = y + i / 12; 
            }
            else 
            { 
                m = 12 + (i + 1) % 12;
                y = y + (i - 11) / 12; 
            }
            int[] daysArray = (y % 4 == 0 && (y % 100 != 0 || y % 400 == 0)) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365;
            int days = (daysArray[m] - daysArray[m - 1]);
 
            if (d > days)
            { 
                d = days; 
            }
            long ticks = DateToTicks(y, m, d) + time.Ticks % TicksPerDay; 
            Calendar.CheckAddResult(ticks, MinSupportedDateTime, MaxSupportedDateTime);

            return (new DateTime(ticks));
        } 

 
        // Returns the DateTime resulting from adding the given number of 
        // years to the specified DateTime. The result is computed by incrementing
        // (or decrementing) the year part of the specified DateTime by value 
        // years. If the month and day of the specified DateTime is 2/29, and if the
        // resulting year is not a leap year, the month and day of the resulting
        // DateTime becomes 2/28. Otherwise, the month, day, and time-of-day
        // parts of the result are the same as those of the specified DateTime. 
        //
 
        public override DateTime AddYears(DateTime time, int years) 
        {
            return (AddMonths(time, years * 12)); 
        }

        // Returns the day-of-month part of the specified DateTime. The returned
        // value is an integer between 1 and 31. 
        //
 
        public override int GetDayOfMonth(DateTime time) 
        {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDay)); 
        }

        // Returns the day-of-week part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 0 and 6, where 0 indicates Sunday, 1 indicates 
        // Monday, 2 indicates Tuesday, 3 indicates Wednesday, 4 indicates
        // Thursday, 5 indicates Friday, and 6 indicates Saturday. 
        // 

        public override DayOfWeek GetDayOfWeek(DateTime time) 
        {
            return ((DayOfWeek)((int)(time.Ticks / TicksPerDay + 1) % 7));
        }
 

        // This is copied from the generic implementation of Calendar.cs.  The generic implementation is not good enough 
        // in the case of FristFullWeek and FirstFourDayWeek since it needs the data for B.C. year 1 near 0001/1/1. 
        // We override the generic implementation to handle this special case.
        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)] 
        public override int GetWeekOfYear(DateTime time, CalendarWeekRule rule, DayOfWeek firstDayOfWeek)
        {
            if ((int)firstDayOfWeek < 0 || (int)firstDayOfWeek > 6) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                    "firstDayOfWeek", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    DayOfWeek.Sunday, DayOfWeek.Saturday)); 
            } 
            switch (rule) {
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstDay: 
                    return (GetFirstDayWeekOfYear(time, (int)firstDayOfWeek));
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstFullWeek:
                    return (InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(this, time, (int)firstDayOfWeek, 7, 365));
                case CalendarWeekRule.FirstFourDayWeek: 
                    return (InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(this, time, (int)firstDayOfWeek, 4, 365));
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                "rule", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                CalendarWeekRule.FirstDay, CalendarWeekRule.FirstFourDayWeek)); 

        }

 

        // This is copied from the generic implementation of GetWeekOfYearFullDays() in Calendar.cs.  The generic implementation is not good enough 
        // in the case of FristFullWeek and FirstFourDayWeek since it needs the data for B.C. year 1 near 0001/1/1. 
        // We override the generic implementation to handle this special case.
 
        // Parameters
        //
        internal static int InternalGetWeekOfYearFullDays(Calendar cal, DateTime time, int firstDayOfWeek, int fullDays, int daysOfMinYearMinusOne) {
            int dayForJan1; 
            int offset;
            int day; 
 
            int dayOfYear = cal.GetDayOfYear(time) - 1; // Make the day of year to be 0-based, so that 1/1 is day 0.
            // 
            // Calculate the number of days between the first day of year (1/1) and the first day of the week.
            // This value will be a positive value from 0 ~ 6.  We call this value as "offset".
            //
            // If offset is 0, it means that the 1/1 is the start of the first week. 
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sun      Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat 
            //     12/31    1/1     1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6 
            //              +--> First week starts here.
            // 
            // If offset is 1, it means that the first day of the week is 1 day ahead of 1/1.
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sun      Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat
            //     1/1      1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6     1/7 
            //              +--> First week starts here.
            // 
            // If offset is 2, it means that the first day of the week is 2 days ahead of 1/1. 
            //     Assume the first day of the week is Monday, it will look like this:
            //     Sat      Sun     Mon     Tue     Wed     Thu     Fri     Sat 
            //     1/1      1/2     1/3     1/4     1/5     1/6     1/7     1/8
            //                      +--> First week starts here.

 

            // Day of week is 0-based. 
            // Get the day of week for 1/1.  This can be derived from the day of week of the target day. 
            // Note that we can get a negative value.  It's ok since we are going to make it a positive value when calculating the offset.
            dayForJan1 = (int)cal.GetDayOfWeek(time) - (dayOfYear % 7); 

            // Now, calucalte the offset.  Substract the first day of week from the dayForJan1.  And make it a positive value.
            offset = (firstDayOfWeek - dayForJan1 + 14) % 7;
            if (offset != 0 && offset >= fullDays) 
            {
                // 
                // If the offset is greater than the value of fullDays, it means that 
                // the first week of the year starts on the week where Jan/1 falls on.
                // 
                offset -= 7;
            }
            //
            // Calculate the day of year for specified time by taking offset into account. 
            //
            day = dayOfYear - offset; 
            if (day >= 0) { 
                //
                // If the day of year value is greater than zero, get the week of year. 
                //
                return (day/7 + 1);
            }
            // 
            // Otherwise, the specified time falls on the week of previous year.
            // Note that it is not always week 52 or 53, because it depends on the calendar.  Different calendars have different number of days in a year. 
            // 

            // Repeat the previous calculation logic using the previous year and calculate the week of year for the last day of previous year. 
            int year = cal.GetYear(time);
            if (year <= cal.GetYear(cal.MinSupportedDateTime)) {
                // This specified time is in 0001/1/1 ~ 0001/1/7.
                dayOfYear = daysOfMinYearMinusOne; 
            } else {
                dayOfYear = cal.GetDaysInYear(year - 1); 
            } 
            dayForJan1 = dayForJan1 - (dayOfYear % 7);
            // Now, calucalte the offset.  Substract the first day of week from the dayForJan1.  And make it a positive value. 
            offset = (firstDayOfWeek - dayForJan1 + 14) % 7;
            if (offset != 0 && offset >= fullDays)
            {
                // 
                // If the offset is greater than the value of fullDays, it means that
                // the first week of the year starts on the week where Jan/1 falls on. 
                // 
                offset -= 7;
            } 
            //
            // Calculate the day of year for specified time by taking offset into account.
            //
            day = dayOfYear - offset; 
            return (day/7 + 1);
        } 
 

 
        // Returns the day-of-year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value
        // is an integer between 1 and 366.
        //
 
        public override int GetDayOfYear(DateTime time)
        { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartDayOfYear)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of days in the month given by the year and
        // month arguments.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInMonth(int year, int month, int era) {
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) { 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("year", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                        1, MaxYear)); 
                }
                if (month < 1 || month > 12) {
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Month"));
                } 
                int[] days = ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0)) ? DaysToMonth366: DaysToMonth365);
                return (days[month] - days[month - 1]); 
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        } 

        // Returns the number of days in the year given by the year argument for the current era.
        //
 
        public override int GetDaysInYear(int year, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) {
                    return ((year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0)) ? 366:365); 
                }
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                1, 
                                MaxYear));
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        }

        // Returns the era for the specified DateTime value. 

        public override int GetEra(DateTime time) 
        { 
            return (ADEra);
        } 


        public override int[] Eras {
            get { 
                return (new int[] {ADEra} );
            } 
        } 

 
        // Returns the month part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 12.
        //
 
        public override int GetMonth(DateTime time)
        { 
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartMonth)); 
        }
 
        // Returns the number of months in the specified year and era.

        public override int GetMonthsInYear(int year, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) {
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) 
                { 
                    return (12);
                } 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format(
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                                1, 
                                MaxYear)); 
            }
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue")); 
        }

        // Returns the year part of the specified DateTime. The returned value is an
        // integer between 1 and 9999. 
        //
 
        public override int GetYear(DateTime time) 
        {
            return (GetDatePart(time.Ticks, DatePartYear)); 
        }

        // Checks whether a given day in the specified era is a leap day. This method returns true if
        // the date is a leap day, or false if not. 
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapDay(int year, int month, int day, int era) 
        {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            }
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                                "year",
                                String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, 12));
            }
            if (day < 1 || day > GetDaysInMonth(year, month)) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("day", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, GetDaysInMonth(year, month))); 
            } 
            if (!IsLeapYear(year)) {
                return (false); 
            }
            if (month == 2 && day == 29) {
                return (true);
            } 
            return (false);
        } 
 
        // Returns  the leap month in a calendar year of the specified era. This method returns 0
        // if this calendar does not have leap month, or this year is not a leap year. 
        //

        [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
        public override int GetLeapMonth(int year, int era) 
        {
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) 
            { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
            } 
            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 
            return (0);
        } 

        // Checks whether a given month in the specified era is a leap month. This method returns true if
        // month is a leap month, or false if not.
        // 

        public override bool IsLeapMonth(int year, int month, int era) 
        { 
            if (era != CurrentEra && era != ADEra) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue")); 
            }

            if (year < 1 || year > MaxYear) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, 
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear));
            } 

            if (month < 1 || month > 12) {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("month", String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"),
                    1, 12)); 
            }
            return (false); 
 
        }
 
        // Checks whether a given year in the specified era is a leap year. This method returns true if
        // year is a leap year, or false if not.
        //
 
        public override bool IsLeapYear(int year, int era) {
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                if (year >= 1 && year <= MaxYear) { 
                    return (year % 4 == 0 && (year % 100 != 0 || year % 400 == 0));
                } 

                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear)); 
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        } 

        // Returns the date and time converted to a DateTime value.  Throws an exception if the n-tuple is invalid.
        //
 
        public override DateTime ToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era)
        { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) { 
                return new DateTime(year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond);
            } 
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("era", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_InvalidEraValue"));
        }

        internal override Boolean TryToDateTime(int year, int month, int day, int hour, int minute, int second, int millisecond, int era, out DateTime result) { 
            if (era == CurrentEra || era == ADEra) {
                return DateTime.TryCreate(year, month, day, hour, minute, second, millisecond, out result); 
            } 
            result = DateTime.MinValue;
            return false; 
        }

        private const int DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX = 2029;
 

        public override int TwoDigitYearMax 
        { 
            get {
                if (twoDigitYearMax == -1) { 
                    twoDigitYearMax = GetSystemTwoDigitYearSetting(ID, DEFAULT_TWO_DIGIT_YEAR_MAX);
                }
                return (twoDigitYearMax);
            } 

            set { 
                VerifyWritable(); 
                if (value < 99 || value > MaxYear) {
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                                "year",
                                String.Format(
                                    CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                    Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 
                                    99,
                                    MaxYear)); 
 
                }
                twoDigitYearMax = value; 
            }
        }

 
        public override int ToFourDigitYear(int year) {
            if (year > MaxYear) { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException( 
                            "year",
                            String.Format( 
                                CultureInfo.CurrentCulture,
                                Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_Range"), 1, MaxYear));
            }
            return (base.ToFourDigitYear(year)); 
        }
    } 
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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